Each of the online sections of CopyrightX has 25 students and is taught by a Harvard Teaching Fellow. In 2013 there were 20 such sections; in 2014 there were 21; in 2015 there were 17; in 2016 there were 19; and in 2017 there were 23. During the twelve weeks of the course, students in the sections watch the recorded lectures, read from the section syllabus, and participate in special events. Each section meets weekly for a 90-minute seminar held online via Adobe Connect.

In order to pass the course and receive a certificate of completion, a student must attend his or her discussion section for at least 10 out of the 12 weeks and pass a written exam.

The 2019 online sections will meet at the following times, which are listed in the Coordinated Universal Time Zone (UTC), Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) and Eastern Standard Time (EST):

Before March 10, 2019:

Thursday       1900-2030 UTC         (Thurs 1400-1530 EST)

Friday            0100-0230 UTC        (Thurs 2000-2130 EST)

Friday            1500-1630 UTC        (Fri 1000-1130 EST)

Friday            1700-1830 UTC        (Fri 1200-1330 EST)

Saturday       1500-1630 UTC         (Sat 1000-1130 EST)

After March 10, 2019: 

Thursday      1800-1930 UTC           (Thurs 1400-1530 EDT)

Friday            0000-0130 UTC          (Thurs 2000-2130 EDT)

Friday            1400-1530 UTC          (Fri 1000-1130 EDT)
Friday            1600-1730 UTC          (Fri 1200-1330 EDT)
Saturday        1400-1530 UTC          (Sat 1000-1130 EDT)

You will have an opportunity to indicate your availability for these times on the course application.


Participation in the online component of CopyrightX is limited to approximately 500 people. Anyone 13 years or older who has a reasonable command of the English language is welcome to apply for admission. No legal background is necessary.

When evaluating applications, we look for curiosity, enthusiasm, intelligence and commitment to completing the course. However, we do not privilege educational attainment or legal knowledge. Instead, we strive to select a class that is diverse on multiple dimensions: country of residence; age; gender; occupation; and interests.

If you wish to be notified when applications are being accepted for future versions of the course, please join the CopyrightX mailing list.



A computer with a microphone and an Internet connection download speed of at least 0.044 Mbps are required for participation in the seminars. Webcams are not required, but may be helpful.

Students in the 2018 online sections will be able to access their Adobe Connect seminar rooms by clicking on the link in the list below that bears their timeslot and teaching fellow’s name. The timeslots are listed in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Each option includes two times, because the time of the section will change when the U.S. switches to Daylight Savings Time on March 11, 2018. To convert times in UTC to your local time zone, please visit For a time-conversion site accessible to the visually impaired, visit For assistance with the seminar software, please consult the Seminars User Guide.



The examination offered to the students in the online sections is administered in a take-home format.  It will be made available (online, of course) on May 1, 2019.  Students have 96 hours to complete the exam.  (Most students are able to complete the exam in 8 hours or fewer.  However, there is no limitation on the amount of time that students may devote to the exam within the 96-hour window.)

Students’ responses to the examination are graded by the Harvard teaching fellows.  No teaching fellow grades exams from students in her own section.  When evaluating answers, the teaching fellows use the following scale:

  • 5 = excellent  (For examples of “excellent” responses, see the model answers for the 2013 and 2014 Harvard exams, available through the links below.)
  • 4 = insightful
  • 3 = good
  • 2 = satisfactory
  • 1 = unsatisfactory

To pass the exam, a student must receive an average of 2 on his or her responses to the questions.  If the teaching fellow who grades the exam assigns a average grade between 1.8 and 2.2, inclusive, Professor Fisher reviews the exam.  This review by Professor Fisher is final, and no other grades can be reviewed or appealed. Students who pass the exam and satisfy the course-attendance requirement are issued certificates of completion.

The exam is intended to be rigorous but fair. In 2013, the exam-passage rate was approximately 80%; in 2014, the rate was approximately 85%. Those rates did not vary significantly by country of residence, age, or occupation.  In particular, non-lawyers passed the exams at roughly the same rate as lawyers.

Here is a copy of the 2013 online-section exam. Two excellent answers to the first question in the 2013 exam, written by Harvard Law School students, are available here: first sample answer and second sample answer.

The components of the 2014 online-section exam are available through the links below:

Three excellent answers to the first question in the 2014 exam, written by Harvard Law School students, are available here: first sample answer, second sample answer, and third sample answer.

Here is the distribution of the scores on the 2014 exam for the online sections.  (To download the image file, right-click and select Save As.)

The components of the 2015 online-section exam are available through the links below:

Here is the distribution of the scores on the 2015 exam for the online sections.  (To download the image file, right-click and select Save As.)

Academic honesty

In all work for CopyrightX, including the final examination and additional examinations and quizzes, students must comply with CopyrightX’s academic honesty policy.

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Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School Harvard Law School